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ENERGY CITIES' PROPOSALS FOR THE ENERGY TRANSITION OF CITIES AND TOWNS

5.1 Make planning system drive territory’s energy transition
Urban planning as a way of reducing energy use

The problem at hand

Sustainable energy and urban planning often ignore one another, despite being closely interrelated. Urban planning decisions over-determine energy use in the housing and, above all, the transport sectors, even though urban planners are rarely aware of it. By segregating urban functions, zoning increases travel needs for moving from one function to another. Urban sprawl increases distances and therefore fuel consumption as well as households’ fuel poverty. Depending on its design, a city or a neighbourhood will encourage or discourage energy efficiency and renewable energy use. Urban planning decisions can influence how easy it is to cycle to work.
An increasing number of local authorities are committing to energy use and emission reduction objectives. But they stand no chance of reaching them if urban planning is not used constructively.

Proposal

Use urban planning as a tool for controlling the territory’s energy use.
This means assessing the impact of urban planning decisions on energy use, both in terms of resources and emissions, at peri-urban, urban and district levels. This involves limiting urban sprawl, densifying constructions around service and transport hubs, building heat networks, avoiding the construction of new infra-structures, building a pedestrian path network and integrating energy issues in planning permission.

Conditions for success

  • Setting figure-based energy use and emission reduction objectives throughout the territory.
  • Estimating the role that urban planning can and should play in reaching these objectives.
  • Getting energy specialists and urban planners used to understanding their respective reasoning.
  • Inviting them to propose subjects for practical collaborative work so as to develop constructive co-operation. More particularly, articulating the urban-planning documents and the climate and energy objectives.
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Cities and towns that show the way

Urban Development and the [...]
Heidelberg, Germany
District heating and cooling - Information, education - New built : low energy / NZEB / passive
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Town planning and energy go [...]
Frankfurt am Main, Germany
.Energy & climate strategy and policy - Local energy agency - Public private partnerships
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Optimization of private and [...]
Malmö, Sweden
.Energy & climate strategy and policy - .Local energy ressources - .Local governance and capacity building - Adaptation - Cooperation, participation, networking - Energy efficient refurbishment - Public private partnerships - Urban planning - Vision / foresight
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Garder Munich compacte, urbaine [...]
München, Germany
Information, education - Urban planning
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Politique énergétique et [...]
Genève, Switzerland
.Buildings - .Energy & climate strategy and policy - .Local energy ressources - Energy production and distribution - Mobility and transport - Urban planning
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Sustainable neighbourhood - [...]
Freiburg-im-Breisgau, Germany
CHP / trigeneration - Cooperation, participation, networking - Soft mode of transport
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Barcelona invents a 3-level [...]
Barcelona - Agencia de la Energia, Spain
Urban planning
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Urban planning and energy efficiency
Freiburg-im-Breisgau, Germany
New built : low energy / NZEB / passive - Public transport - Urban planning
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The epiphany of sustainable [...]
Heidelberg, Germany
.Energy & climate strategy and policy - Building and public equipment (public lighting) - Cooperation, participation, networking - Incentives for local stakeholders and citizens - Local energy agency - New built : low energy / NZEB / passive - Urban planning
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Heidelberg-Bahnstadt - der [...]
Heidelberg, Germany
.Local energy ressources - New built : low energy / NZEB / passive - Traffic calming and parking - Urban planning
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Durabilité et innovation [...]
Barcelona - Agencia de la Energia, Spain
Building and public equipment (public lighting) - Public private partnerships - Solar - Urban planning
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An urban laboratory of energy [...]
Bruxelles-Capitale, Belgium
.Buildings - Building and public equipment (public lighting) - Cooperation, participation, networking - Energy certificate / labelling - Energy efficient refurbishment - Incentives for local stakeholders and citizens - Innovative financing and citizens initiatives - Local energy funds - New built : low energy / NZEB / passive - Training
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Atlantech® : un parc pilote bas [...]
La Rochelle - CA, France
Building and public equipment (public lighting) - European technical assistance programmes - New built : low energy / NZEB / passive - Public private partnerships
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"Graines de maraîchers" : une [...]
Grand Besançon - CA, France
.Energy & climate strategy and policy - Circular economy - Urban agriculture
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