3.5 Set up financial structures dedicated to the energy transition
Rethink financing solutions
The problem at handInvestment needs for thermal retrofitting of buildings, producing local renewable energy, and developing CHP and district heating are considerable. These investments are cost-effective but their economic impact spans over a long period of time. In financial terms, this means that their return on investment is moderate and the banking system prefers short-term, risky products with a high return. Sustainable development has not yet found its business model. Only a few public, co-operative and ethical banks are interested. Transaction costs can also be disproportionate in the case of small projects. Some large companies offer comprehensive packages (audit, feasibility studies, installation, financing) but these are often expensive with little impact for SME and local craftsmen.
This is why local authorities are inventing new solutions, some of which are closely connected to the conventional banking system.
ProposalSet up financial structures dedicated to the energy transition.
These may take several forms: a guarantee fund using local savings for reassuring banks and supporting project managers; a local sustainable energy fund for financing widely ranging public and private projects; a specialised public or semi-public company providing both technical and financial solutions; an ESCO (Energy Service Company) for energy performance contracting.
Conditions for success
Cities and towns that show the way
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Energy Cities, Local authorities in energy transition.