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ENERGY CITIES' PROPOSALS FOR THE ENERGY TRANSITION OF CITIES AND TOWNS

1.1 Take local control of energy supply
Empowering local players

The problem at hand


European countries are of various types. In Scandinavian and federal countries, municipalities are responsible for their territories’ energy supply and set up local energy utilities to carry out this mission. This contributes to developing a sense of responsibility amongst local authorities, whilst providing them with a source of income.


In other Western, Eastern and Southern European countries, local authorities do not have such power and responsibility. It is a State monopoly, which has sometimes evolved into a private monopoly. Some cities own their energy grids and are allowed to build heating networks, even with using combined heat and power - CHP. However, large energy companies always have the upper hand and get all the added value. These companies are usually not favourable to heating networks, which are local networks by nature.


Innovation, local resource mobilisation and CHP development are clearly ahead in countries where cities have more power in this area.


Proposal


Take responsibility for the territory’s energy supply. This is a decision which comes under national laws.


Experience shows that entrusting a local administration with power and responsibility always leads to better service. In the field of energy, it is a strong leverage for transition as it increases population acceptance of the infrastructures. It fosters creativity and innovation and stimulates local activities, thus creating economic added value that remains in the territory.


Conditions for success


In countries where municipalities have this power and responsibility:

  • Making full use of the potential offered in connection with energy efficiency and renewable energy objectives.

In countries where this is not the case:

  • Claiming such power and responsibility by referring to the experience of other countries as an example.
  • Making good use of responsibility “niches” in existing legislation.
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Cities and towns that show the way

Bristol BRITE - developing the [...]
Bristol, United Kingdom
.Energy & climate strategy and policy - CHP / trigeneration - District heating and cooling - Energy production and distribution - European technical assistance programmes - Solar
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100% RES - A territory anxious [...]
Frederikshavn - Energy agency, Denmark
.Energy & climate strategy and policy - .Local energy ressources - Clean and energy efficient vehicles - Cooperation, participation, networking - District heating and cooling - Energy production and distribution - Heating and cooling - Solar - Vision / foresight - Waste recovery / biogas - Wind power
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Master plan for Renewable Energy 2030
Frederikshavn - Energy agency, Denmark
.Energy & climate strategy and policy - .Local energy ressources
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A new local district heating company
Delft, The Netherlands
CHP / trigeneration - District heating and cooling - Public private partnerships
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A "bio-economy" for all
Växjö, Sweden
.Energy & climate strategy and policy - .Local governance and capacity building - Biomass - Cooperation, participation, networking - District heating and cooling - Energy production and distribution - Vision / foresight
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Landfill gas and cogeneration
Christchurch, New Zealand
CHP / trigeneration - Energy production and distribution - Heating and cooling - Local energy funds - Waste - Waste recovery / biogas
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Politique énergétique et [...]
Genève, Switzerland
.Buildings - .Energy & climate strategy and policy - .Local energy ressources - Energy production and distribution - Mobility and transport - Urban planning
READ MORE
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